FACTS AND SOURCES


Worldwide obesity has more than doubled since 1980.

Source: World Health Organisation
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/

 

39% of adults aged 18 years and over were overweight in 2014. Of these, 13% (600 million) were obese.

Source: World Health Organisation
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/

 

42 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese in 2013.

Source: World Health Organisation
http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs311/en/

 

In Western countries, the number one leading cause of death is heart disease.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (USA)
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/leading-causes-of-death.htm

Source: Office for National Statistics (UK)
http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/vsob1/mortality-statistics--deaths-registered-in-england-and-wales--series-dr-/2012/sty-causes-of-death.html

 

Nearly 2,200 Americans die of cardiovascular disease daily, with an average of one death occurring every 40 seconds.

Source: Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM)
http://www.pcrm.org/health/health-topics/cholesterol-and-heart-disease

 

Today, about half of adults have one or more chronic health conditions in the US.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/overview/

 

69% of Americans are overweight or obese. 

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/obesity-overweight.htm

 

80% of the leading causes of death in Western societies are preventable. 

Source: Ford ES, Bergmann MM,  Kröger J et al. Healthy Living is the best revenge: findings from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Potsdam study. Arch Intern Med 2009;169:1355-62.

Source: Wu-S, Powers-S, Zhu-W et al. Substanital contribution of external risk factors to cancer development. Nature 2016;529:43-7. 

 

Dairy increased prostate cancer risk by 60% in The Health Professionals Follow-up Study.

Source: Giovanucci E, Liu Y, Platz EA et al. Risk factors for prostate cancer incidence and progression in the health professionals follow-up study. Int J Cancer 2007:121:1571-1578. 

 

Milk increases what’s called IGF-1.

Source: Qin LQ, He K, Xu JY. Milk consumption and circulating insulin-like growth factor-I level: a systematic literature review. Int J Food Sci Nutr 2009;60:330-340.

 

Milk is contributing too much Calcium that tends to shut down the vitamin D in the body, which can protect against prostate cancer. 

Source: PCRM
http://www.pcrm.org/health/health-topics/milk-and-prostate-cancer-the-evidence-mounts

Source: Tseng M, Breslow RA, Graubard BI et al. Dairy, calcium, and vitamin D intakes and prostate cancer sick in the National health and Nutrition Examination Epidemiologic Follow-up Study cohort. Am J Clin Nutr 2005;81:1147-54.

 

Saturated fats and the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

Source: Barnard ND, Brunner AE, Agarwal U. Saturated and trans fats and dementia: a systematic review. Neurobiol Aging 2014;35:S65-73. 

Source: Xu W, Atti AR, Gatz M et al. Midlife overweight and obesity increase late-life dementia risk. A population-based twin study. Neurology 2011;76:1568-1574. 

 

Type 2 diabetes is caused by intramyocellular lipids.

Source: Petersen KF, Dufour S, Befroy D et al. Impaired mitochondrial activity in the insulin-resistant offspring of patients with type 2 diabetes. N Engl J Med 2004;350:664-71.

Source: Goff LM, Bell JD, So PW et al. Veganism and its relationship with insulin resistance and intramyocellular lipid. Our J Clin Nutr 2005;59:291-8. 

Source: Barnard N. Dr. Neal Barnard’s Program for Reversing Diabetes. The Scientifically Proven System for Reversing Diabetes Without Drugs:2009.

 

Cholesterol levels drop dramatically on a whole foods plant-based diet.

Source: Jenkins DJA, Kendall CWC, Marchie A et al. The effect of combining plant sterols, soy protein, viscous fibers, and almonds treating hypercholesterolemia. Metabolism 2003;52:1478-1483. 

Source: McDougall J, Thomas LE, McCoudall C et al. Effects of 7 days on an ad libitum low-fat vegan diet: the McDougall Program cohort. Nutr J 2014;13:99. 

 

If you get your cholesterol levels below 150mg/dl, the heart disease is just gone.

Source: Dalessandri KM, Organ CH. Surgery, drugs, lifestyle, and hyperlipidemia. Am J Surgery 1995;169:374-8. 

Source: Esselstyn CB. Prevent and Reverse Heart Disease. Penguin:2007.

Source: Jousilahti P, Vertiainen E, Peekanen J et al. Serum cholesterol distribution and coronary heart disease risk: observations and predictions among middle-aged population in eastern Finland. Circulation 1998;97:1087-94.

Source: PCRM
http://www.pcrm.org/health/health-topics/cholesterol-and-heart-disease

 

Chicken is almost as high in fat and cholesterol as beef.

Source: Swain JF, Rouse IL, Curley CB, Sacks FM. Comparison of the effects of oat bran and low-fiber wheat on serum lipoprotein levels and blood pressure. N Engl J Med. 1990;322(3):147-152.

 

70-80% of the fat in fish (e.G. salmon) is not ‘good fat’. 

Source: Hamilton MC, Hites RA, Schwager SJ et al. Lipid composition and contaminants in farmed and wild salmon. Environ Sci techno 2005;39:8622-92. 

 

The risk of fish eaters for type 2 diabetes is considerably higher than if you don’t eat fish at all. 

Source: Kaushik M, Mozzafarian D, Spiegelmann D et al. Long-chain omega-3 fatty acids, fish intake, and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Am J Clin Nutr 2009:90:613-20. 

Source: Sahay RD, Ollberding NJ, Missoni S et al. Fish and shellfish intake and diabetes in a coastal population of the adriatic. Coll Antropol 2015;39:401-9